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Education Final 05-15-12 -   1.1.c - Child Risk Factors

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Education Final 05-15-12
1. Access and Enrollment
2. Student Accomplishment
3. Student and Economic Outcomes
1.1.c - Child Risk Factors
Is ECEAP accessible to children who are homeless, in foster care, or learning English? 
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Data Notes
Data Source:

ECEAP Management System (EMS), June 30, 2011 and March 30, 2012

Measure Definition: Percent of children enrolled in ECEAP this school year who are in foster care, from families that are homeless and from homes with a primary language other than English.
Target Rationale:
Link to Agency Strategic Plan: Goal One of 2011-14 DEL Strategic Plan: Provide high quality, safe and healthy early care and education opportunities for all children.
Relevance: These characteristics are associated with developmental or learning risks.
Notes: (Optional)
Also Available
Action Plan: Yes
Extended Analysis: No

 Drill Down Measures

 Summary Analysis

ECEAP contractors work closely with their local health and social service agencies to recruit and enroll children most in need of services, including children in the foster care system and children who are homeless.

HOME LANGUAGE - Thirty-five and a half (35.5) percent of children in ECEAP have a home language other than English, in comparison to 9.4% of the K-12 student population.  Children learn a new language more easily at younger ages and most leave ECEAP speaking English fluently, writing their names and recognizing letters. Often, ECEAP helps their parents enroll in English as a Second Language classes, which strengthens parents' ability to support their children's education.

HOMELESS - Based on the McKinney-Vento definition of homelessness, 7.9% of ECEAP children were homeless at some time during the 2011-12 school year. Statewide, just 0.4% of children under 18 are homeless. Anecdotally, the increase appears connected to the current economic downturn and includes families temporarily living with relatives because of job or home loss. ECEAP works closely with families to find or increase employment and secure housing and food. As of February 2012,there were 50 homeless 4-year-olds and 161 homeless 3-year-olds on the ECEAP waiting lists.

FOSTER CARE - We do not yet have the foster care statistics for 2011-12. In 2010-11, 2.96% of ECEAP children were in foster care. Approximately 1,700 to 2,000 Washington 3- and 4-year-olds are in foster care and about one-third of them are in ECEAP or Head Start. ECEAP actively recruits from foster agencies and families, prioritizes enrollment of children in foster care and, when appropriate, provides family support services to both the foster and birth families. In February 2012, the ECEAP waiting lists had 23 four-year-olds and 43 three-year-olds in foster care waiting for an available slot. These were children who applied for ECEAP after the usual enrollment period and were put at the top of waiting lists.

DSHS does not track the reasons foster families do not enroll in ECEAP or Head Start. However, according to the 2007-08 Early Learning Survey conducted by Washington State University, foster families sometimes choose not to enroll children in ECEAP or Head Start because:

  • They provide an enriched environment in their homes.
  • They choose a different, often full day, child care program.
  • They live in an unserved community.
  • The foster parent's schedule has too many demands.
  • The child is not in foster care long enough.
  • They did not see the benefit of an early learning program. (6.2%)