Long term uncontrolled blood sugar levels can damage the vessels that supply blood to important organs like the heart, kidneys, eyes and nerves. This results in diabetics being at a higher risk of getting kidney failure, heart disease, stroke, blindness, and lower-limb amputations.
Annual Cholesterol Screening:
People with diabetes should have their blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked at least once every year. Since having diabetes already puts you at risk for heart disease, it's especially important to keep your cholesterol levels in check.
When too much cholesterol is present, plaque (a thick, hard deposit) may form in the body's arteries narrowing the space for blood to flow to the heart. Over time, this can lead to heart disease.
Diabetic Eye Exam:
Routine eye exams help detect diabetic eye disease early. Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness.
Diabetic eye disease may include:
- Diabetic retinopathy—damage to the blood vessels in the retina.
- Cataract—clouding of the eye's lens. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
- Glaucoma—increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.
Annual Blood Sugar Screening:
Blood sugar screening tests look for pre-diabetes and detect the disease before it becomes too late and the harm is done to a person’s body. Because diabetes usually occurs gradually, the earlier the disease is detected, the earlier management and treatment can begin.
Annual Kidney Screening:
Diabetes is the leading cause of chronic kidney failure. Screening for the earliest stages of kidney damage and controlling blood glucose and blood pressure can help reduce the development of kidney failure.