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Health Care Final 11-16-11 -   6.2 - Percent of Major-Trauma Patients Who Survive

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Health Care Final 11-16-11
Healthy State
Action Plan

6.2 - Trauma:  Increase the Percent of Major Trauma Patients Who Survive
Is the trama system saving the lives of critically injured patients?

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Data Notes
Data Source:

Washington State Trauma Registry; 2010.

Measure Definition:



Trauma:  Increase the percentage of major trauma patients who survive.   

Major trauma is defined as a major single or multi-system injury requiring immediate medical or surgical intervention or treatment to prevent death or permanent disability.

Target Rationale: Target:  88.5% by 06/30/2011
Link to Agency Strategic Plan: No; Linked to agency activity inventory OFM 6A04
Relevance: Trauma is the leading cause of death for ages 1-44 years.  As the population ages, trauma in the older population requires focused attention.

Notes: (optional)

Period/Frequency:  1995-2010 (calendar year); Annually in November. Schmitt/DOH

Also Available
Action Plan: Yes
Extended Analysis Yes

 Drill Down Measures

 Summary Analysis

  • The survival rate for critically injured trauma patients steadily increased from 1995 through 2005. The rate leveled out between 2006 and 2010.    
  • Age is an important factor in trauma care, irrespective of injury severity, with increased mortality after age 55. In 1995, about 30 percent of trauma deaths were age 55+. In 2010, nearly 60 percent of trauma deaths were age 55+. While survival trends in all major age groups during the time period 2006-2010 are similar, a recent increase in the number of deaths from falls in the older population (age 55+) slows down the overall upward survival trend.
  • Since 1995, about 3,370 critically injured patients survived who might otherwise have died.
  • There are 79 hospitals designated as adult trauma hospitals and 9 designated as pediatric trauma hospitals.
  • In the period 2005 to 2010, three Level II hospitals changed to Level III. There is a shortage of subspecialty care such as neurosurgery especially in the central part of the state where there is a need for a Level II facility.


 What: Develop strategies to improve care management and outcomes of trauma patients age 55+.
 Who: Kastl/DOH, Fernandes/DOH, Lopez/DOH, Rotert/DOH
 When: November 2012